ECOLOGICAL WOOD ANATOMY OF SOME MAQUIS SPECIES NATURALLY GROW IN BOTH MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA REGIONS OF TURKEY

Cengiz Cihan, Ünal Akkemik
1.186 563

Abstract


Ecological wood anatomy is an important discipline to reveal the effects of growing conditions on wood formation. This study was performed to investigate wood anatomical changes of five different maquis elements growing in two different regions (Arbutus andrachne L., Laurus nobilis L., Myrtus communis L., Phillyrea latifolia L. and Spartium junceum L.). Total 30 wood samples, 3 from each species in one region, and total 15 from one region were collected and thin sections were prepared. After measuring vessel diameters, lengths and frequencies, mesomorphy, vulnerability and xeromorphy ratios were calculated.  The mesomorphy ratios 26.03 in A.andrachne, 103 in L.nobilis, 21.76 in M.communis, 14.25 in P.latifolia, and 16.69 in S.junceum in the Mediterranean region, and these values 71.98, 255, 42.1, 27, and 60.68 in Black Sea region, respectively. The xeromorphy ratios 24.73 in A.andrachne, 6.7 in L.nobilis, 37.87 in M.communis, 47.27 in P.latifolia, and 4.86 in S.junceum in the Mediterranean region, and these values 13.61, 3.3, 23.72, 26.99, and 5.66 in Black Sea region, respectively.  All values except L.nobilis revealed xeric conditions in both regions. However, in the Mediterranean region the conditions for L.nobilis are much more xeric than Black Sea region.

Keywords: Ecological wood anatomy, Mediterranean region, Black sea region, Arbutus, Laurus, Myrtus, Phillyrea, Spartium.


Keywords


Ecological wood anatomy, Mediterranean region, Black sea region, Arbutus, Laurus, Myrtus, Phillyrea, Spartium

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