Afforestation Effects on Biochemical Soil Properties

A. Sepken Kaptanoğlu Berber, Shima Farasat, Ayten Namlı
3.784 1.816


In this study afforestation effects on physical, chemical and biological soil properties were investigated in 10 and 23 years old black pine plantations used as grassland previously versus bear area. The results were also evaluated in terms of different landscape positions and soil dephts.

Afforestration increased electrical conductivity and soil microbial respiration in 23 year old plantation; and decreased organic matter and β-glucosidase activity in both of 23 and 10 years old plantations. There was no significant difference in phosphatase activity. Soil reaction, total carbonates, organic matter,  β-glucosidase and CO2 evaluation were affected from different landscape positions. It is founded that carbonate, pH, and microbial respiration were higher in the south-facing slopes than those of north-facing slopes were; organic matter and β-glucosidase activity were higher in the north-facing slopes. A decrease in organic matter and an increase in phosphatase activity were determined with soil depth.


Afforestation, soil enzyme activity, microbial respiration.

Full Text:




Acosta-Martı´nez V, Tabatabai MA (2000) Enzyme activities in a limed agricultural soil. Biol Fertil Soils 31,85€“91

Alef, K. (1995). Soil respiration methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry. Academic Press, Inc.San Diego.

Bandick AK, Dick RP (1999) Field management effects on soil enzyme activities. Soil Biol Biochem 31,1471€“1479

Bond-Lamberty, B., Thomson, A. (2010). A global database of soil respiration data. Biogeosciences 7, 1915-1926.

Bossio1 D.A., Girvan M.S., Verchot L., Bullimore J., Borelli T., Albrecht A., Scow K.M., Ball A.S., Pretty J.N. and Osborn A.M. (2005). Soil Microbial Community Response to Land Use Change in an Agricultural Landscape of Western Kenya. Microbial Ecology 49, 50€“62

Chodak M., NikliÅ„ska M. (2010). The effect of different tree species on the chemical and microbial properties of reclaimed mine soils. Biol Fertil Soils, 46, 555€“566

Chunderova, A.I. and Zubets, T. (1969). Phosphatase activity in dernopodzolic soils. Pochvovedeniye 11, 47-53.

Das S.K.and Varma A. (2011). Role of Enzymes in Maintaining Soil Health. In: Varma A., Shukla G. (ed) Soil Biology Soil Enzymology Springer Nodia, India 22, 25-42

Dick RP, Breakwell DP, Turco RF (1996) Soil enzyme activities and biodiversity measurements as integrative microbiological indicators. In: Doran JW, Jones AJ (eds) Methods of assessing soil quality. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp 247€“271

Dick, W.A. ve Tabatabai, M.A . (1993). Significance and potential uses of soil enzymes. In: F. Blaine (Editor), Soil Microbial Ecology. Application in Agricultural and Enviromental Management, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 95-127.

Dick WA, Cheng L, Wang P (2000) Soil acid and alkaline phosphatase activity as pH adjustment indicators. Soil Biol Biochem 32, 1915€“1919

Doran, JW, Zeiss, MR (2000) Soil health and sustainability: managing the biotic component of soil quality. Appl Soil Ecol 15, 3€“11

Eivazi, F. And Tabatabai, M.A. (1977). Phospahatases in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 9, 167-172.

Eivazi F, Tabatabai MA (1988) Glucosidases and galactosidases in soils. Soil Biol Biochem 20, 601€“606

Esen A (1993) b-glucosidases: overview. In: Esen A (ed) β-glucosidases and molecular biology. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp 9€“17

Frank, A.B. (2002). Carbon dioxide fluxes over a grazed prairie and seeded pasture in the Northern Large Plains. Environmental Pollution 116, 397-403.

Ganeshamurthy AM, Singh G, Singh NT (1995) Sulphur status and response of rice to sulphur on some soils of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 43, 637€“641.

Gupta VVSR, Farrell RE, Germida JJ (1993) Activity of arylsuphatases in Saskatchewan soils. Can J Soil Sci 73, 341€“347.

Gülçur, F. (1974). Toprağın Fiziksel ve Kimyasal Analiz Metodları, İstanbul Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Yayın No: 201, Kutulmuş Matbaası, 225 s.

Kanfer JN, Mumford RA, Raghavan SS, Byrd J (1974) Purification of b-glucosidase activities from bovine spleen affinity chromatography. Anal Biochem 60, 200€“205.

Karaca A., Cetin S.C., Turgay O.C, and Kizilkaya R., 2011. Role of Enzymes in Maintaining Soil Health. In: Varma A., Shukla G. (ed) Soil Biology Soil Enzymology Springer Nodia, India 22, 119-148.

Karthikeyan AS, Varadarajan DK, Mukatira UT, D'Urzo MP, Damaz B, Raghothama KG (2002) Regulated expression of Arabidopsis phosphate transporters. Plant Physiol 130, 221-233.

Kiss S, Dragan-Bularda M, Radulescu D (1978) Soil polysaccharidases: activity and agricultural importance. In: Burns RG (ed) Soil enzymes. Academic, London, pp 117€“147

Madejo´n E, Burgos P, Lo´pez R, Cabrera F (2001) Soil enzymatic response to addition of heavy metals with organic residues. Biol Fertil Soils 34, 144€“150.

Miwa T, Ceng CT, Fujisaki M, Toishi A (1937). Zur Frage der Spezifitat der Glykosidasen. I.

Verhalted vonb-d-glucosidases verschiedener Herkunft gegenuberden β-d-Glucosiden mit verschiedenen Aglykonen. Acta Phytochim ,Tokyo, 10, 155€“170.

Mudge SR, Rae AL, Diatloff E, Smith FW (2002) Expression analysis suggests novel roles for members of Pht1 family of phosphate transporters in Arabidopsis. Plant J 31, 341€“353.

Ndiaye EL, Sandeno JM, McGrath D, Dick RP (2000) Integrative biological indicators for detecting change in soil quality. Am J Altern Agric 15, 26€“36.

Nosetto M.D., Jobbagy E.G., Toth T., Jackson R.B. (2008). Regional patterns and controls of ecosystem salinization with grassland afforesstation along a rainfall gradient. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22, 1-12.

Ocio J.A., Martinez J., Brookes P.C. (1991) Contribution of straw-derived N following incorporation of cereal starw to soil. Soil Biol and Biochem 23, 655-659.

James ES, Russel LW, Mitrick A (1991) Phosphate stress response in hydroponically grown maize. Plant Soil 132, 85€“90.

Jackson, M.L. (1962). Soil Chemical Analysis, Constable and Company Ld., London, England, 498 s.

Jobbagy, E.G., Jackson, R.B. (2004). Groundwater use and salinization with grassland afforestation. Global Change Biology, 10 (8), 1299-1312.

Raich, J.W., Schlesinger,W.H. (1992). The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus 44B, 81-99.

Raich, J.W., Potter, C.S. (1995). Global patterns of carbon dioxide emissions from soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9, 23-36.

Rey A., Pegoraro E., Oyonarte C., Were A., Escribano P., Raimundo J. (2011). Impact of land degradation on soil respiration in a steppe (Stipa tenacissima L.) semi-arid ecosystem in the SE of Spain Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 393-403.

Richmond PA (1991) Occurrence and functions of native cellulose. In: Haigler CH, Weimer PJ (eds) Biosynthesis and biodegradation of cellulose. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 5€“23

Rowell, D.L. (1994). Soil Science Methods and Applications. Longman Scientific and Technical. Singapore.

Szajdak L., Baloniak I.Z. (2002). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 11, 191-95

Schimel, D.S. (1995). Terrestrial ecosystems and the carbon cycle. Global Change Biology 1, 77-91.

Shawale JG, Sadana J (1981) Purification, characterization and properties of β-glucosidase enzyme from Sclerotium rolfsii. Arch Biochem Biophys 207, 185€“196.

Subke, J.A., Inglima, I., Cotrufo, M.F. (2006). Trends and methodological impacts in soil CO2 partitioning: a methaanalytical review. Global Change Biology 12, 921-943.

Tabatabai MA (1994a). Soil enzymes. In: Weaver RW, Angle JS, Bottomley PS (eds) Methods of soil analysis, part 2. Microbiological and biochemical properties. SSSA Book Series No. 5. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp 775€“833.

Tabatabai MA (1994b). Soil enzymes. In: Mickelson SH (ed) Methods of soil analysis, Part 2.

Microbiological and biochemical properties. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI,

pp 775€“833.

Versaw WK, Harrison MJ (2002) A chloroplast phosphate transporter, PHT2; 1, influences allocation of phosphate within the plant and phosphate-starvation responses. Plant Cell 14, 1751€“1766.

Zeng D.H., Hu Y.L., Chang S.X., Fan Z.P. (2009). Land cover change effects on soil chemical and biological properties after planting Mongolian pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica) in sandy lands in Keerqin, northeastern China. Plant Soil 317, 121-133.




ISSN: 2147-7493