The Cross-section Variations in Red Pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) Needles as an Indicator of Atmospheric Pollution: Gökova Thermal Power Plants

Yaşar Nuhoğlu, Yılmaz Yıldırım, Murat Dündar
1.376 783

Abstract


In this study, the anatomical and morphological anomalies on the cross-section of calabrian pine needles (Pinus brutia Ten.) caused by air pollutants emitted from the Kemerköy (Gökova) Thermal Power Plant (KTPP) were investigated with fieldworks and microscopic techniques.

 

At the end of the land researches, it was found out that air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and fly ash had caused serious injury, so that 3 year-old-needles fell very early.

 

On the microscopic observation on the cross-sections of the needles, it was determined that the diameter of the main and especially subordinate resin canal dilated too and the number of resin canals increased. It was also observed that the endodermis layer in transmission corymbs and the cells in transfusion texture had become thin, and the intra-cellular material had disappeared owing to air pollutants.


Keywords


Thermal power plant, Turkish red pine, Needle, Cross-section anomaly

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous (2012) Statistical yearbook of Turkey, State Institute of Statistics Prime Minister Republic of Turkey. Ankara.

Boubel R.W., Fox D.L., Turner D.B., Stern A.C., (1994) Fundamentals of Air Pollution. Academic Press, USA.

Nuhoglu, Y. (2004). Air pollution modeling of the calabrian pine forests withered by the Yatagan thermal power plant, Int. J. Environment and Pollution, 21(4), pp. 400-410.

Zerbe, J., Siepak, J and Elbanowska, H. (2001) Fly Ash and Slug Mixture from Heat and Power Generating Plant as Environmentally Friendly Industrial Waste, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 10(2), pp.113-117

Nuhoglu, Y. and Bulbul, F. (2003) Elemental Analysis of the ashes of main thermal power plants in Turkey. J. Trace and Microprobe Techniques 21(4), pp.721-728.

Pogorzelski S.J., Rochowski, P., Szurkowski, J. (2014) Pinus sylvestris L. needle surface wettability parameters as indicatorsof atmospheric environment pollution impacts: Novel contact anglehysteresis methodology. Applied Surface Science 292 (2014) 857– 866.

Gupta, M.C. and Ghouse, A.K.M. (1986) The effects of coal-smoke pollutants on the leaf epidermal architecture in Solanum molengena L variety pusa purble long., Environ. Pollut.,41, pp.315-321.

Nuhoglu, Y., Selmi, E. and Aytug, B. (1996) Anatomical and morphological changes caused by air pollution on Calabrian pine needles., Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry., 20, pp. 15-20.

Nuhoglu, Y. (1993). Mugla-Kemerköy termik santralinin olusturacagı çevre kirliliginin ormanlar üzerindeki etkileri., (Doktora tezi) İstanbul Universitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü., pp.1-128.

Yasar Nuhoglu (2005) The harmful effects of air pollutants around the Yenikoy thermal power plant on architecture of calabrian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) needles, Journal of Environmental Biology, Vol. 26, Issue 2, pp. 1-8.

Saatçioglu, F. and Odabaş, T. (1979) Türkiye ormancılıgında bakım sorunları: Bazı doğal ve yapay kızılçam genc mescerelerinde yapılan bakım müdahalelerine ait bulgular, İ.Ü.Orman Fakultesi dergisi, B 19 (1), pp.1-21.

Anonymous. (2000) T.E.K. İsletme ve Bakım Dairesi Baskanlıgı, Laboratuvar Sefligi, Kömür analiz sonucları. Ankara, pp.1-4.

Anonymous. (2002) T.E.K. İsletme ve Bakım Dairesi Baskanlıgı, Laboratuvar Sefligi, Baca dumanı analiz sonucları. Ankara, pp.1-5.

Ceylan B (1986) Recherches silvicoles sur les traitements de premiere eclaircie dans les jeunes peuplements de pin brutia de la region de Mugla, Turkish Forest Research Institute, Technical Bulletin No 196, Ankara.pp.1-102.

Krupa, S.V., Manning, W.J. (1988) Atmospheric ozone: formation and effects on vegetation., Environ. Pollut.,50, pp.101-138.

Seinfeld, J.H. (1975) Air pollution (Physical and Chemical Fundamentals), Mc. Graw-Hill Book Company, New-York.

Irwin, J.G. and Williams, M.L. (1988) Acid rain: chemistry and transport. Environ. Pollut.,50, pp.29-59.

Smith, H.J. and Davis, D.D. (1978) Historical changes induced in Scots pine needles by sulphur dioxide. Phytopatology, 68, pp.1711-1716.

Suchara, I., Sucharová, J., Holá, M. (2014) The influence of contrasting ambient SO2concentrations in the CzechRepublic in 1995 and in 2010 on the characteristics of spruce bark,used as an air quality indicator. Ecological Indicators 39 (2014) 144– 152.

Mortensen, L., Moseholm, L. and Ro-Poulsen, H. (1989) Effects of ozone on the growth of Norway spruce exposed in open-top chambers. Medd. Norsk. Inst. Skogforskning, 42, pp.47–55.

Tjoelker, M.G. and Luxmoore, R.J. (1991) Soil nitrogen and chronic ozone stress influence physiology, growth and nutrient status of Pinus taeda L. and Liriodendron tulipifera L. saplings. New Phytologist 119, pp.69–81.

Meng, F.R., Bourque, C.P.A., Belczewski, R.F., Whitney, N.J. and Arp, P. A. (1995) Foliage responses of spruce trees to long-term low-grade sulfur dioxide deposition. Environ. Pollut.,90(2), pp.43-152.

Soda, C., Bussotti, F., Grossoni, P., Barnes, J., Mori, B. and Tani, C. (2000) Impacts of urban levels of ozone on Pinus halepensis foliage, Env. and Exp. Botany , 44 (1), pp.69-82.

Okano, K., Totsuka, T., Fukuzawa, T. and Tazaki, T. (1985) Growth responses of plants to various concentrations of nitrogen dioxide, Environ. Pollut.,38, pp.361-373.

Günthardt-Goerg, M.S., Matyssek, R., Scheidegger, C. and Keller, T. (1993) Differentiation and structural decline in the leaves and bark of birch (Betula pendula) under low ozone concentrations. Trees, 7, pp.104–114.




All Journals hbarist@gmail.com

ISSN: 2147-7493