Cover Image

Long-term pollen monitoring experiments for the period 1994-2008 in the Rila Mountains, Bulgaria

Spassimir Tonkov, Elissaveta Bozilova, Dolja Pavlova, Ivan Raev
1.043 180

Abstract


The annual pollen influx in the altitudinal zone 1800-2050 m a.s.l. produced by plant communities in the coniferous and subalpine vegetation belts of the northwestern Rila Mts. was analyzed for the period 1994-2008. The results from the five pollen traps placed on south and north slopes of a ridge revealed the dominance of Pinus diploxylon-type (Pinus mugo, Pinus sylvestris) and relatively constant presence of Picea abies and Pinus peuce pollen, with the exception in years of abundant flowering (1997, 1999, 2003 and partly 2005). The species Fagus sylvatica which grows at lower altitudes showed very good capabilities of pollen dispersal upslope. The trapping results indicated a cyclicity in the flowering of beech, with maximal pollen influx values in years 1994, 1999, 2005 and 2007, most probably dependent on the local climatic conditions. Pollen of deciduous trees such as Quercus, Carpinus betulus, Corylus, Alnus, Betula, although in less quantities, was also recorded in the traps. The herb component constituted only a small part of the total annual pollen influx. The results from long-term pollen trapping experiments could be applied to monitor the future trends in forest development in relation to climate change and local disturbances.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Atanassova, J. (2007). Pollen deposition in moss polsters and pollen traps in the Central Stara Planina Mts. (2002-2005). Phytologia Balcanica 13 (2), 223-228.

Beug, H.-J. (2004). Leitfaden der Pollenbestimmung für Mitteleuropa und angrenzende Gebiete. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München.

Birks, H.J.B. (1996). Contribution of Quaternary palaeoecology to nature conservation. Journal of Vegetation Science 7, 89–98.

Bozilova, E., Kalmukov, K., Lazarova, M., Tonkov, S. (2012). Pollen monitoring in Tilia forests in Northeastern Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of VII-th National Botanical Conference. Bulgarian Botanical Society, Sofia, pp. 443-453.

Broström, A. (2002). Estimating source area of pollen and pollen productivity in the cultural landscapes of southern Sweden – developing a palynological tool for quantifying past plant cover. LUNDQUA Thesis 46, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Faegri, K., Iversen, J. (1989). Textbook of Pollen Analysis. 4-th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Filipova-Marinova, M., Bozilova, E., Hicks, S. (2007). Pollen monitoring of forest communities in the Strandzha Mts. Bulletin du Musee National de Varna 41(56), 135-155.

Filipova-Marinova, M., Kvavadze, E., Connor, S., Sjögren, P. (2010). Estimating absolute pollen productivity for some European Tertiary-relict taxa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 19(4), 351-364.

Gerasimidis, A., Panajiotidis, S., Hicks, S., Athanasiadis, N. (2006). An eight-year record of pollen deposition in the Pieria mountains (N Greece) and its significance for interpreting fossil pollen assemblages. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 141(3-4), 231-243.

Giesecke, T., Fontana, S.L., van der Knaap, W.O., Pardoe, H.S., Pidek, I.A. (2010). From early pollen trapping experiments to the Pollen Monitoring Programme. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 19(4): 247-258.

Grimm, E. 2011. TGView ver. 1.17.5, Illinois State Museum, Illinois, USA.

Hicks, S. (1996). The feasibility of using pollen deposition data as climatic indices. Palaoklimaforschung 20, 173–187.

Hicks, S. (2001). The use of arboreal pollen deposition values for delimiting tree-lines in the landscape and exploring models of pollen dispersal. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 117(1-3), 1-29.

Hicks, S., Ammann, B., Latalowa, M., Pardoe, H., Tinsley, H. (1996). European Pollen Monitoring Programme: Project Description and Guidelines. University of Oulu, Oulu.

Hicks, S., Tinsley, H., Huusko, A., Jenssen, C., Hatterstrand, M., Gerasimidis, A., Kvavadze, E. (2001). Some comments on spatial variation in arboreal pollen deposition: first records from the Pollen Monitoring Programme (PMP). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 117, 183-195.

Karlıoğlu, N., Caner, H., Akkemik, U. (2014). Modern pollen distribution at Iğneada waterlogged forests between the periods September 2007 – August 2009. Eurasian Journal of Forest Science 2 (2), 7-17.

Karlıoğlu, N., Caner, H., Akkemik, U., Kose, N., Kindap, T. (2015). Modern pollen monitoring of native trees in Belgrad forest, Istanbul (Northwestern Turkey). Comptes rendus de l’Academie bulgare des Sciences 68(1), 39-48.

Lazarova, M., Petrova, M., Jordanova, M. (2006). Pollen monitoring in surface samples in mosses and pollen traps from the Beglika region (W Rhodopes). Phytologia Balcanica 12(3), 317-326.

Moore, P., Webb, J. A., Collinson, M. E. (1991). Pollen Analysis. 2-nd Edition, Blackwell, Oxford.

Pardoe, H., Giesecke, T., Van der Knaap, W.O., Svitavska-Svobodova, H., Kvavadze, E., Panajiotidis, S., Gerasimidis, A., Pidek, I., Zimny, M., Swieta-Musznicka, J., Latałowa, M., Noryskiewicz, A., Bozilova, E., Tonkov, S., Filipova-Marinova, M., Van Leeuwen, J.F.N., Kalnina, L. (2010). Comparing pollen spectra from modified Tauber traps and moss samples: examples from a selection of woodlands across Europe. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 19(4), 271-283.

Pidek, I.A., Svitavska-Svobodova, H., Van Der Knaap, W.O., Noryskiewicz, A.M., Filbrandt-Czaja, A., Noryskiewicz, B., Latalowa, M., Zimny, M., Swieta-Musznicka, J., Bozilova, E., Tonkov, S., Filipova-Marinova, M., Poska, A., Giesecke, T., Gikov, A. (2010). Variation in annual pollen accumulation rates of Fagus along a N-S transect in Europe based on pollen traps. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 19 (4), 259-270.

Raev, I. (2006). Climatic conditions in representative forests of Picea abies (L.) Karsten in the Rila Mountain. In: Raev, I. (Ed.), Environment and Structure of the Norway Spruce Forests in the Rila Mountain, Pensoft Publishers, Sofia-Moscow, pp. 1-20.

Seppa, H., Hicks, S. (2006). Integration of modern and past pollen accumulation rate (PAR) records across the arctic tree-line: a method for more precise vegetation reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 1501–1516.

Stockmarr, J. (1971). Tablets with spores used in absolute pollen analysis. Pollen et Spores 13, 614-621.

Tonkov, S., Hicks, S., Bozilova, E., Atanassova, J. (2001). Pollen monitoring in the Central Rila Mountains, Southwestern Bulgaria: case studies from pollen traps, surface samples for the period 1994–1999. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 117,167–182.

Tonkov, S., Bozilova, E., Pavlova, D. (2004). Pollen monitoring in the Northwestern Rila Mountains, Southwestern Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of the 2nd Congress of Ecologists of the Republic of Macedonia with International Participation. Special issues of Macedonian Ecological Society, Skopje, vol. 6, pp. 53-56.

Tonkov, S., Stoyanova, N., Bozilova, E. (2009). Pollen monitoring experiment in the coniferous forests of NW Rila Mts (Bulgaria). Phytologia Balcanica 15(3), 333-336.

van der Knaap, W.O., van Leeuwen, J.F.N., Svitavska-Svobodova, H., Pidek, I.A., Kvavadze, E., Chichinadze, M., Giesecke, T., Kaszewski, B.M., Oberli, F., Kalnina, L., Pardoe, H.S., Tinner, W., Ammann, B. (2010). Annual pollen traps reveal the complexity of climatic control on pollen productivity in Europe and the Caucasus. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 19(4), 285-308.

Velchev, V., Russakova, V. (1986). Ecological peculiarities and phytocenological characteristics of Pinus peuce Griesb. in the Pirin and Rila Mountains. Annual of Sofia University. Faculty of Biology 80(2), 58-93.




All Journals hbarist@gmail.com

ISSN: 2147-7493