Geophytes of Iğdır (East Anatolia) and Their Economic Potentialities as Ornamental Plant
Geophytes are the most preferred group among the ornamental plants due to their aesthetic features, suitability to be cut flowers and their fragrance. The aim of the research is to identify geophyte taxa, their risk categories and economic potentialities as ornamental plants in Iğdır province. Plant specimens were collected from Iğdır province between 2007 and 2012 vegetation seasons. The collected plant specimens were kept in ISTE (the herbarium of the Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy). As a result of this study, 52 geophytic taxa belonging to 12 families are determined from the investigation area. 4 taxa are endemic (Allium armenum, A. baytopiorum, Bellevalia gracilis and Pseudomuscari forniculatum) to Turkey. According to floristic regions, 32 Irano-Turanian elements are ranked first, followed by 6 Mediterranean elements and 4 Euro-Siberian elements. 10 of the identified species are widespread or unknown phytogeographic origin. The most richest families are Asparagaceae (14 taxa), Amaryllidaceae (9 taxa), Liliaceae (9 taxa), Iridaceae (5 taxa), Asteraceae (3 taxa), Orchidaceae (3 taxa). Of all the collected taxa, 61% were bulbous, 17% were rhizomatous, 10% were tuberous, 8% were tuberous roots and 4% were cormous. Owing to the attractive flowers, 43 taxa were signed as ornamental plant potentialities.
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